Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Teachers And Child Psychology

Teachers And Child Psychology

Teachers are the children with whom they share the most time after their parents. Even a child attending kindergarten and primary school sees his teacher more than his parents. While a father can see his child for a few hours in the evening, the teacher is with the children for at least six hours. The person who enters the child's life over such a long period of time has undoubtedly a great influence on shaping the personality-character and development of the children. 





The first expectation of a growing child from teachers is love and attention. 

Teachers are one of the people who will plant the seeds of love in the soul of the child whose basic need is love, compassion and compassion. Therefore, the first thing a teacher can give to children is love and compassion, even if it is not written in the curriculum. Meeting a child's demand for love and compassion is also important for healing the child's potential wounds in psychology. Lovelessness is a greater wound than ignorance. Some teachers may show more love to students who are successful, who are unwittingly involved in the lesson. However, students who seem irrelevant to the class in the classroom may need more love. Opening a channel of love for them is one of the best attitudes a teacher can do.


For a child, love is one of the sine qua non of this life and the other is trust. 

From birth, children want to trust the adults around them. Because this world is a very foreign place for them and the only place in which he can feel safe in the vast world is with adults. When the child cannot find the trust sought from adults, he falls into a big gap. The child wants to trust his teacher and give himself to him. It will not be difficult for the child to trust someone who respects him or her. However, the teacher's promise not to stop, to condemn the child, to criticize, to provide him with sufficient attention, to be unjust will break the child's trust over time. When the teacher creates the feeling that ta I am precious in the eyes of my teacher, he does not let me down, he is my supporter behind me, he is with me in difficulties, he does not give up loving me even if I know it wrong ”.


Even if we call everyone bulunan children Bir in a class, each of them is different. 

Every child is ic unique ile with his family structure, history, socio-economic status, abilities, emotions, learning style, learning speed and desires. It is undoubtedly difficult to teach such different children at the same time. Therefore, the profession of teaching is seen as sacred. Children are like different flowers that have opened in the same garden. Irrigating each flower separately without turning all the flowers into a flower is the job of skilled gardeners. One of the greatest things the teacher can do is to discover the different abilities each of the children have, and to make it noticeable to the child and then to his or her family. Every child has an ore. Academic achievement is only one dimension of success. The teacher is the one who discovered and raised the ore in the child.


The age of 6-12 is a period in which every child must experience success. 

If a child in this period does not experience success in any field, he may feel inferior and feel insignificant and insufficient in later years of his life. Some children are good in academia, some in sports, some in art, some in music, some in painting. Some children have good human relationships, others have high language or voice skills. Every child needs to make at least three to four sentences in the form of “I am good in this area için for healthy soul development. One of the greatest favors a teacher can do to children is to show them the areas in which they are good and to give them a sense of success in any field. In today's world where success is only reduced to course success, directing the child's attention to one area and giving him the message “You are good in this area, will be one of the greatest gifts a child will be offered.





Every human being, from an infant to an elderly, carries honor and glory. 

One of the greatest evils to human beings is to damage his dignity. When one's human dignity is destroyed and destroyed, that person loses his humanity. There is no difference between the honor of the child and that of the adult. Insulting an adult, ridiculing him, humiliating him in public, punishing him in front of everyone, and comparing him with another person is just as dishonorable as it is for children. Teachers sometimes have fun, sometimes to teach a lesson inadvertently damaging the dignity of children and may play with the dignity of the child. Not only as a child, but as a cherished person is one of the most beautiful features.


Children are influenced by the thoughts of adults and usually internalize them. 

If their teacher attaches labels to children such as bel lazy, sluggish, lethargic, clumsy, stupid, clumsy, clumsy, hyperactive, distracted, cowardly, timid çocuklar children really think they are. Over time, this label becomes part of them, an identity. After this stage, it is very difficult to remove the child from the effect of that label. A good teacher is not a labeler of children, but a person who removes negative labels attached to them.







Children are curious and curiosity is the basis of learning. 

From the moment of birth, the child can learn to walk, talk, the name of the objects and the world in a short time thanks to his curiosity. A child whose desire to explore is kept alive is always ready to learn. The most important thing that dulls the curiosity is not to allow him to wonder and to teach the child that they are not curious. The child learns that they do not worry, cools down without learning. Therefore, it is an important task for teachers to keep children's curiosity alive. While teaching, the children leave a treasure that they will carry for life, starting from these feelings. This treasure is that children enjoy their learning processes and experience the excitement of discovering.


Information learned during school years is forgotten over time, but the accumulated emotions are carried to the end of life. 
For this reason, the teacher should not only aim to transfer knowledge, but to the hearts of children rather than to their minds. It should be another task of the teacher to ensure that children leave the school process with positive memories and establish good human relationships.






The teacher guides not only children but also the whole society. 

Sometimes it is not enough to teach children in the classroom, but parents need guidance. It will be a good step for the development of society by informing parents about the approach to the child, the use of reward and punishment, and the exclusion of wrong parenting behaviors.

Yes, we expect a lot from our teachers. While a parent is having trouble taking care of their own children, we ask them to touch many children. We also know that this is difficult. We can only overcome this challenge together. As a community, we believe that when we take more care of our teachers and value them more, our teachers will do the best for our children, even under difficult conditions, and carry them safely to the future.

With respect and respect for all our teachers.

Monday, March 9, 2020

What is Topography? | What Do Geologists Do?

What is Topography? | What Do Geologists Do?

What is Topography? 

Topography is the investigation of the earth (geo implies earth, and ology implies investigation of). This is a straightforward definition for something so perplexing. Geography includes contemplating the materials that make up the earth, the highlights and structures found on Earth just as the procedures that follow up on them. Topography additionally manages the investigation of the historical backdrop of all life that is ever lived on or is living on the earth now. Concentrating how life and our planet have changed after some time is a significant piece of topography.

History 

Geography has been important to people as far back as old Greece in the fourth century. Aristotle was one of the primary individuals to mention objective facts about the earth. This was likewise the first occasion when that researchers and logicians noticed a contrast among rocks and minerals. The Romans turned out to be adroit at digging certain stone for use in building their domain, particularly marble.

In the seventeenth century, fossils were being utilized as an approach to comprehend what befell the earth after some time. These fossils assumed a key job in the discussion about the time of Earth. For some time and even now and again today, scholars and researchers have been inconsistent about the period of Earth. Scholars trusted Earth was uniquely around 6,000 years of age while the researchers trusted it to be a lot more seasoned.

In the eighteenth century, researchers began concentrating on minerals and mineral metals since mining was a significant piece of worldwide economies. During this century, two primary speculations approached clarifying a portion of the physical highlights of the earth. One hypothesis accepted that all stones were kept by the seas during flooding occasions. The subsequent hypothesis accepted that a few rocks were shaped through warmth or fire.

This discussion proceeded into the nineteenth century until James Hutton demonstrated that a few rocks are shaped by volcanic (heat and fire) procedures and others are framed by sedimentation. Hutton likewise clarified that all the procedures we see going on today, are similar procedures that occurred in the geologic past and that they happened gradually.

As such, the disintegration that is happening to our mountains today is a similar procedure that dissolved mountains previously. This hypothesis got known as Uniformitarianism, which just expressed says 'the present is the way in to the past.' James Hutton is known as the Father of Modern Geology.

When Uniformitarianism was acknowledged by established researchers, all the geologic pieces began to become alright. Geologists started to see how fossils could assist them with dating the earth and diverse stone layers called strata. The fossils went about as markers that permitted geologists to put them arranged by event, permitted them to connect rock strata found over significant stretches, and helped them comprehend the adjustments in life after some time and the adjustments in Earth's condition through time.

The following enormous jump for topography occurred in the mid 1900s. A researcher, Alfred Wegener proposed a hypothesis called Continental Drift. Wegener recommended that the landmasses moved around on the outside of the earth and met up to shape a supercontinent known as Pangaea.

He refered to a few bits of proof to demonstrate his hypothesis—the landmasses all fit together like interconnecting pieces, a similar stone unit or fossil could be found on the two sides of a sea and comparable highlights, for example, mountains could be found on mainlands when they were all together.

He proposed that landmasses 'skimmed' or 'floated' to their positions. In any case, he was unable to clarify how this occurred. Established researchers dismissed his hypothesis until the 1940s. The innovation blast related with WWII acquired advances sonar and radar. In 1947, two geologists mapped the sea floor, which uncovered proof that maritime hull is made at mid-sea edges.

This got known as ocean bottom spreading. These mid-sea edges, are found on the base of the seas and are significant splits or vents in maritime covering. Magma from the mantle pushes its way up through the splits (consider crushing toothpaste from its cylinder). As it does this, it pushes the current outside layer making mainlands move around. This prompted the Theory of Plate Tectonics, which depends on the possibility that Earth is broken into structural plates and these plates move because of ocean bottom spreading.

Envision taking a hard-bubbled egg and dropping it on the floor. The egg splits all around. The regions between the breaks are called plates and the splits are called limits. A similar standard applies to the earth. On the off chance that we could shake off all the water on the planet so we could see the sea depths, we would have the option to see these breaks and limits.

What do geologists do? 

Topography is a multi-faceted field with a wide range of territories of specialization. Recorded beneath are a portion of the more typical ones.

Earth Science Teachers: instruct 'earth science' (a blend of geography, oceanography and climatology) in junior and senior secondary schools. A training declaration from expert instruction program is additionally typically required.

Monetary Geologists: investigate for and help produce metallic (iron, copper, gold, and so forth.) and non-metallic (coal, stone measurement stone, limestone total, sand and rock, and so on.) rock and mineral assets of financial worth.

Designing Geologists: examine the building properties of rock, residue and soil underneath man-made structures, for example, streets, spans, tall structures, dams, air terminals, and so forth.

Ecological Geologists: study the natural effects of contamination on ground and surface waters and surficial materials (rock, dregs and soil), and furthermore prescribe answers for natural issues. They are additionally keen on comprehension, anticipating and alleviating the impacts of regular risks, for example, flooding, disintegration, avalanches, volcanic emissions, seismic tremors, and so forth.

Geochemists: examine the synthetic sythesis and properties of earth materials, particularly contaminated ground and surface waters, non-renewable energy sources, (for example, oil and coal) and different assets of financial worth.

Topography Professors: encourage geography courses and direct research in schools and colleges.

Geomorphologists: study the birthplace and development of scenes on the mainland surfaces.

Geophysicists: utilize the standards of material science to research the structure of the Earth's profound inside, investigate for financial assets in the subsurface, and screen contamination in ground water.

Icy or Quaternary Geologists: study the historical backdrop of geographically later (Quaternary period) ice sheets just as the residue stores and landforms they delivered.

Hydrogeologists: are worried about water in the Earth's subsurface, including its sources, quality, wealth and development.

Hydrologists: are worried about water on the Earth's surface, including its precipitation, dissipation and spillover, and its bounty and quality in streams and lakes.

Marine Geologists: study the physical, synthetic and organic attributes of the residue kept on the sea floor and the stones that underlie them.

Mineralogists: research the starting points, properties and employments of the minerals happening inside the Earth's stones.

Scientistss: study the remaining parts of old creatures and plants (fossils) so as to comprehend their practices, natural conditions, and developmental history.

Oil Geologists: investigate for and help produce oil and gaseous petrol from sedimentary rocks.

Petrologists: study the starting points and attributes of molten, changeable and sedimentary rocks.

Sedimentologists: explore the starting points and qualities of silt stores and the sedimentary rocks that structure from them.

Seismologists: are geophysicists who study quakes, both to more readily comprehend the physical procedures included and to decipher the profound interior structure of the Earth.

Stratigraphers: examine the existence connections among sedimentary and different shakes on neighborhood to worldwide scales, and are likewise intrigued by the geochronology (total dating by radiometric techniques) and fossil substance of rock layers.

Basic Geologists: study the collapsing, cracking, blaming and different types of disfigurement experienced by rocks underneath the Earth's surface, and are additionally inspired by how these procedures identify with worldwide Plate Tectonics.

Volcanologists: explore volcanoes, particularly their ejections and stores, so as to all the more likely comprehend physical procedures included and to foresee volcanic emissions.

Where accomplish geologists work and what amount would they say they are paid? 

The essential managers of geologists are, arranged by diminishing quantities of occupations:

1. natural counseling firms;

2. government — administrative and state geographical reviews and the Environmental Protection Agency, in addition to different other administrative offices that are for the most part worried about natural issues;

3. oil and gas industry;

4. schools — middle school/secondary schools and schools/colleges; and

5. mining industry.

Yearly compensations for geologists with a baccalaureate degree for the most part go somewhere in the range of $35,000 and $55,000. The vast majority of the better-paying employments for geologists require a graduate degree and offer yearly pay rates in the $45,000 to $75,000 territory. A doctoral certificate is required for college residencies and other research-concentrated positions, and these employments pay rates in the $50,000 to $70,000 territory.

As indicated by the U. S. Branch of Labor's Occupational Outlook Handbook (2002-2003 Edition), "work of ecological researchers and hydrologists [including natural geologists and hydrogeologists] is relied upon to become quicker than the normal for all occupations through 2010. The requirement for organizations to conform to natural laws and guidelines is relied upon to add to the interest for ecological researchers and some geoscientists, particularly hydrologists and designing geologists."

How would I become a geologist at the University of Toledo? 

Understudies with a wide enthusiasm for topography should seek after the Bachelor of Science qualification in Geology, while those with interests in both ecological issues and geography may move in the direction of a Bachelor of Science certificate in Environmental Science following the "Topography Track". Understudies with the two sorts of baccalaureate degrees are urged to seek after the Master of Science certificate in Geology so as to gain aptitude in a territory of specialization thus set themselves up for a particular topographical order and a superior paying activity.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Who İs Jean-Jacques Rousseau?




Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most powerful masterminds during the Enlightenment in eighteenth century Europe. His first major philosophical work, A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, was the triumphant reaction to an article challenge directed by the Academy of Dijon in 1750. Right now, contends that the movement of technical disciplines and expressions has caused the debasement of prudence and profound quality.

Monday, November 11, 2019

Who İs Wilhelm Wundt? What did Wilhelm Wundt contribution to psychology?



Who İs Wilhelm Wundt? What did Wilhelm Wundt contribution to psychology? Who is viewed as the dad of brain science? This inquiry doesn't really have a straightforward answer since numerous people have added to the origin, rise, and development of cutting edge brain research. We'll investigate a solitary person who is frequently refered to just as others who are additionally viewed as fathers of different parts of brain science. 

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Who is John Locke? And why is he important?


The English philosopher and political theorist John Locke (1632-1704) laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. Trained in medicine, he was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution. In his “Essay Concerning Human Understanding,” he advanced a theory of the self as a blank page, with knowledge and identity arising only from accumulated experience. His political theory of government by the consent of the governed as a means to protect the three natural rights of “life, liberty and estate” deeply influenced the United States’ founding documents. His essays on religious tolerance provided an early model for the separation of church and state.

John Locke’s Early Life and Education

John Locke was born in 1632 in Wrighton, Somerset. His father was a lawyer and small landowner who had fought on the Parliamentarian side during the English Civil Wars of the 1640s. Using his wartime connections, he placed his son in the elite Westminster School.

Between 1652 and 1667, John Locke was a student and then lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford, where he focused on the standard curriculum of logic, metaphysics and classics. He also studied medicine extensively and was an associate of Robert Hooke, Robert Boyle and other leading Oxford scientists.

John Locke and the Earl of Shaftesbury

In 1666 Locke met the parliamentarian Anthony Ashley Cooper, later the first Earl of Shaftesbury. The two struck up a friendship that blossomed into full patronage, and a year later Locke was appointed physician to Shaftesbury’s household. That year he supervised a dangerous liver operation on Shaftesbury that likely saved his patron’s life.

For the next two decades, Locke’s fortunes were tied to Shaftesbury, who was first a leading minister to Charles II and then a founder of the opposing Whig Party. Shaftesbury led the 1679 “exclusion” campaign to bar the Catholic duke of York (the future James II) from the royal succession. When that failed, Shaftesbury began to plot armed resistance and was forced to flee to Holland in 1682. Locke would follow his patron into exile a year later, returning only after the Glorious Revolution had placed the Protestant William III on the throne.

John Locke’s Publications

During his decades of service to Shaftesbury, John Locke had been writing. In the six years following his return to England he published all of his most significant works.

Locke’s “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1689) outlined a theory of human knowledge, identity and selfhood that would be hugely influential to Enlightenment thinkers. To Locke, knowledge was not the discovery of anything either innate or outside of the individual, but simply the accumulation of “facts” derived from sensory experience. To discover truths beyond the realm of basic experience, Locke suggested an approach modeled on the rigorous methods of experimental science, and this approach greatly impacted the Scientific Revolution.




John Locke’s Views on Government

The “Two Treatises of Government” (1690) offered political theories developed and refined by Locke during his years at Shaftesbury’s side. Rejecting the divine right of kings, Locke said that societies form governments by mutual (and, in later generations, tacit) agreement. Thus, when a king loses the consent of the governed, a society may remove him—an approach quoted almost verbatim in Thomas Jefferson's 1776 Declaration of Independence. Locke also developed a definition of property as the product of a person’s labor that would be foundational for both Adam Smith’s capitalism and Karl Marx’s socialism. Locke famously wrote that man has three natural rights: life, liberty and property.

In his “Thoughts Concerning Education” (1693), Locke argued for a broadened syllabus and better treatment of students—ideas that were an enormous influence on Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s novel “Emile” (1762).


In three “Letters Concerning Toleration” (1689-92), Locke suggested that governments should respect freedom of religion except when the dissenting belief was a threat to public order. Atheists (whose oaths could not be trusted) and Catholics (who owed allegiance to an external ruler) were thus excluded from his scheme. Even within its limitations, Locke’s toleration did not argue that all (Protestant) beliefs were equally good or true, but simply that governments were not in a position to decide which one was correct.

John Locke’s Death

Locke spent his final 14 years in Essex at the home of Sir Francis Masham and his wife, the philosopher Lady Damaris Cudworth Masham. He died there on October 24, 1704, as Lady Damaris read to him from the Psalms.

Who is Aristotle? What Are Their Views?

Who is Aristotle?  What Are Their Views?

The Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) made significant and lasting contributions to nearly every aspect of human knowledge, from logic to biology to ethics and aesthetics. Though overshadowed in classical times by the work of his teacher Plato, from late antiquity through the Enlightenment, Aristotle’s surviving writings were incredibly influential. In Arabic philosophy, he was known simply as “The First Teacher”; in the West, he was “The Philosopher.” ....Who is Aristotle? What Are Their Views?

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

How Do I Stop My Kids From Watching YouTube?



Youtube, where 400 hours of video are uploaded every minute around the world; it has become a screen process for both adults and children, where a significant portion of the day is spent in front of it. Although the time spent by adults on their work and overtime is more limited than for children, unfortunately children spend most of the day on YouTube. "How Do I Stop My Kids From Watching YouTube?" the question becomes more meaningful.

Saturday, November 2, 2019